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What is it?

Topciment Microcement is a decorative, composite coating based on cement, water-based resins, additives and mineral pigments.
It is an ideal material for both exterior and interior surfaces; applicable in floors, walls and ceilings... And the best thing is that it does not need joints! So, therefore, it makes cleaning and maintenance very easy.

Topciment offers you a wide range of possibilities and finishes, where the limitations are applied by you. It stamps your rooms with a unique and personal character, thanks to the different textures (thick, medium or fine), the great variety of colours, the different varnish finishes (matte, satin or gloss), or metallic-effect paints and glazes. Its handcrafted application makes the result of each job or project still more unique and special... Unrepeatable, because no two surfaces will be the same.

 
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Imaginative and innovative... Any combination is possible with Topciment! Create the style you want: modern, classic or rustic. The choice is yours, and the pleasure of advising and helping you, is ours.

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Forget complicated reforms. Save time and money. Due to their strong adhesion, Topciment microcements can be applied to any type of surface, even to tiles. With very little work and a thickness of only 3 millimetres, a rapid renovation is achieved.

 

We care about the end result. That is the reason we wished to achieve an optimum, versatile and quality product, that lasts and maintains well and adapts to requirements; we have reached the balance point between hardness and flexibility.

And what does this mean? It means that our product will permit any surface to be covered, no matter how large, creating a continuous surface with no joints or fissures.

In this way places where dirt can lodge are avoided, cleaning and disinfection is facilitated, contributing to the maintenance of places free of germs and bacteria. It also allows a high resistance, both in the areas most exposed to traffic, and to the corrosive use of cleaning products; consequently, the most widespread demand for its application is in bathrooms and kitchens.

Types of
Microcement

At Topciment, more than just being microcement manufacturers, we are specialists, and that is what makes the difference.

We have 5 types of microcement which, according to the work requirements and the desired effect to be achieved, we recommend the following applications:

MICROBASE. It is the ideal microcement to obtain rustic floors or walls, of an artisan appearance with an irregular texture. It is also used as the preparation base for other finishes.

MICROSTONE. It is the microcement par excellence for exteriors, due to its uniform colour and appearance like that of stone, and with non-slip properties. Thick texture.

MICRODECK. It is the microcement best suited for floors, for its resistance in areas of intense traffic. Medium texture.

MICROFINO. It is the coating for walls; it has a fine finish and allows a diversity of finishing watermark effects. Fine texture.

AQUACIMENT. It is the ideal coating for pools and ponds, because of its resistance to salts and chlorine in the water.

 
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How should it be applied?

For you to become an expert in microcement, we shall explain how:

The result is achieved by applying several layers.

1. To prepare the surface, apply two layers of microbase, with the mesh, which will serve as a support for the finished microcement.

2. Then apply two layers of microcement finish. This is the product combining the desired texture and colour, which gives the surface its final appearance.

3. Finally, to protect the finish, two coats of primer are initially applied, followed by two layers of water-based sealer.

4. And there you are!

Advantages

  • Decorative coating, offers multiple choices.
  • Surfaces without joints.
  • Application to floors, walls and ceilings. Interior and exterior.
  • Wide variety of colours and textures.
  • Handcrafted application, giving an individual and personalised result.
  • High adhesion. Covers all surfaces: tile, marble, stoneware, terrazzo, concrete, plasterboard-pladur, cement and plaster, etc.
  • Great resistance to use, shock, scratches and chemicals.
  • Impermeable.
  • Non-slip, in accordance with the finish employed.
  • Time-saving and avoids complicated works. No debris.
  • A 2/3 mm material thickness, thus not affecting the structural load of the building.
  • Is easily applied and worked and requires no specific tools
  • Natural materials. Environmentally friendly products.
  • Easy maintenance and cleaning, with water and PH-Neutral soap.
  • Spaces free of germs and bacteria.

What is the price
of microcement?

The price per square metre of microcement depends on a variety of different factors, including the cost of the professional applying the microcement, and the operator’s associated costs of displacement, materials, difficulty and quality of the work, etcetera.

To obtain a quality result with long-term guarantees, three conditions are necessary: the correct preparation of the support; the selection of a good product and the choice of a qualified and experienced professional.

State and nature of the surface to be coated with microcement
If the support is in poor condition or the conditions are inappropriate, it is essential to work on improving the support and condition it adequately before the application of the coating, which will increase the cost of materials and labour.

+ info Conditions prior to the application of microcement.

For example, if one wanted to apply the microcement to floors, or to tiled walls, it would be necessary to follow a few steps in order to avoid visible joints, which would increase both the work and the final cost.

The complexity of microcement application
The walls of a bathroom with one (or several) pillars, a staircase, a washbasin or a countertop, are all examples of laborious application because they involve small surfaces, with many corners and edges, in which the use of the trowel is more complicated and, therefore, more costly.

The use of different colours in the same environment also increases the working time because it is essential to delimit meticulously with painter’s tape the different zones. It is also necessary to wait until the applied colour has dried properly, to protect it, in order that it does not smudge before starting the next colour.

Total of the metres for coating treatment
Generally, the more meters to be coated, the lower the price per m2 of microcement, and conversely, the smaller the area then the price per m2 will be greater.

This occurs due to the fact that there are fixed costs and times (hours of work) that are not directly dependent on the metres to be coated.

The professionalism of the operator
A specific training is essential with great attention paid to detail. A professional operator must control all types of microcement application, knowing what method of work to follow in every case, and following each step scrupulously. Respecting the steps of the application is fundamental in order to achieve a good result

Quality of the Materials
Topciment is the Spanish microcement manufacturer with the greatest number of years of experience in the market. It manufactures all the products that it sells, except for the tools and accessories. Otherwise, it would be very difficult to control the quality of the complete system. When Topciment offers a guarantee, not a single component failure is risked because that would make the whole system fail. An example of this are the Topsealer WT varnishes, developed specifically for microcement, which enjoy great international prestige.

Obviously high quality has an increased production cost, and therefore a price higher than some customers may be willing to pay. Microcemento Topciment does not compete in price but in quality, so it does not skimp on latest generation additives and elaboration processes.


The client must know how to value the product’s quality, as well as the good professional know how to use it well. All products or services have a price that can fluctuate. If you are not acquainted with a microcement professional, we would advise you to always request three different quotes, and always discard the most economic.

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Frequent
Questions

What is the strength and hardness of microcement?

Despite its lack of thickness, one of this material’s most significant properties is its high resistance and hardness; Microdeck and Microstone can even be used in areas of high traffic.

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Several factors influence the resistance and hardness of microcement, such as the support on which it is applied, the type of microcement chosen, as well as the sealant used on the finished microcement.

We can differentiate between two types of resistance:

Mechanical Resistance
To blows: Microcement, due to its limited thickness, will deform in the event of a strong blow if the support beneath deforms. An example would be the microcement applied to plaster. If the base deforms because it has poor resistance, the microcement will deform as well. While on a support like terrazzo, the resistance will be greater.

To abrasion and wear: This resistance depends on both the microcement type and the sealant. Topciment has two seamless floor coverings: Microdeck and Microstone. Both are coatings with selected aggregates of a larger particle size than that of Microfino, which makes them more resistant to compression and abrasion. Microfino, due to its lower strength, is used exclusively for wall covering. As for sealants, although the resistance is the same, the higher the gloss, the more visible the marks of wear. Matte finishes do not reflect the light, or do so only minimally.

Chemical Resistance
To stains and liquids: The chemical resistance will depend on the sealant used to protect the product. The sealant is the final layer, which is what gives the product protection and impermeability against stains. Our Topsealer sealants have a high chemical resistance, confirmed by the various tests conducted:
Oil, cola, red wine and similar, do not leave stains after cleaning.
Both vinegar or lemon juice leave slight marks on microcement. These acids affect the surface as they would on marble, but if cleaning is done quickly, there will be no stains.
The spots of Salfuman / hydrochloric acid, pure bleach, acetone and ammonia will mark after a half hour of exposure, but if cleaning is done quickly, no stains will remain. It is important to consider microcement’s texture and the difficulty of cleaning.

 


Marca por golpe fuerte con objeto punzante en suelo de Microdek

Diferente textura y resistencia de un pavimento con Microcement

Impermeabilidad del Microcement
On what supports can microcement be applied?

Microcement can be applied to almost any type of support: cement mortar, self-levelling, terrazzo, marble, tile, plasterboard-Pladur or plaster, on both vertical and horizontal surfaces in interior and exterior spaces.

Never apply on natural wood or supports made of various sections which will distend differently.

The support must be consolidated and stable.

The surface must be dry and free of dust or grease.

The planimetry of the support will determine the final result.

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One of the main properties of microcement is its high adhesion. Thanks to this it is possible to apply microcement on tiles, speeding up the renovation and avoiding the debris of the original lining. But this advantage depends on the stability of the original tiles which must be firm not loose. In such cases, it would be necessary to use mesh to strengthen the support.
See the microcement application method on tiles in a video tutorial.


Microcement on tiles, stone or terrazzo


Optimal conditions and state of the surface to be coated
The preparation of the support is as important as the application. If the support does not meet the necessary conditions no guarantees can be given.
The surface must be level, stable, free of dirt and with a degree of humidity of 5% or less.
In the case of the support being of mortar, it must have at least four weeks to dry out before the microcement is applied, in order to account for the cracks that may appear during the curing process.


Microcement swimming pools
Topciment has developed Aquaciment, a proprietary and exclusive pool-liner system.  Here you can see some examples:

Microcemento on natural wood or wood parquet
Parquet or natural wood floors have many joints; the boards expand in different directions causing stresses which are difficult to control and can cause cracks in the coating, so they are not suitable for the direct application of microcement. In such cases, it is necessary to lift the existing floor and prepare the support before placing the product.

 

Can microcement be applied to a radiant floor?

Yes, but before applying it, a heating protocol must be carried out in order to avoid the possibility that expansion, produced by the temperature changes in the floor, will crack the microcement itself.

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The heating protocol is as follows:

1. Turn on the heating at least 4 weeks after placing the cement mortar.

2. Maintain the water entering the circuits at 25°C throughout 2 or 3 days. Then gradually increase the water temperature to 45°C and keep it on for several days.

3. Turn off the heating for at least 48 hours before starting the microcement application. The maximum floor temperature should be 18°C.

Microcement floors should be applied to cementitious mortars that have reached an advanced setting stage. This occurs after three or four weeks drying-out, depending on the weather. In any case, it is essential that the mortar is practically dry. To achieve this, there should be a maximum of 5% humidity in the support, which must be checked with a relative humidity meter.  

We recommend using quality self-levelling cement mortars.

Supports with powdery mortars are not at all suitable, since the base state for the application must be consistent, if otherwise then the base should be consolidated.

After applying the microcement, at least 48 hours should pass before the heating is gradually turned on (+5°C each day).

Always change the temperature gradually, both at the beginning and at the end of the heating period.

Make sure that the relative air humidity in the rooms is not too low.

Always avoid an accumulation of heat caused by rugs and carpets, or the lack of space between the furniture and the floor.

Important!  Between the floor and the vertical faces there will always be a joint to permit dilation. Failure to comply with this indicated requirement may result in cracking.

Is microcement waterproof?

Microcement in itself is not impermeable. The use of a sealer as a final coating, which will ensure a water-proof capability is absolutely essential. Therefor microcement may be applied to sinks, bathtubs or wet areas, but the surface must always be sealed with either Topsealer DSV (solvent-based polyurethane), or with Topsealer WT (water-based polyurethane) to ensure its impermeability.

Is microcement non-slip?

Yes, depending on the type of microcement used and the texture achieved, any type of non-slip surface is obtainable.

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Depending on the type of micro-cement and texture employed, a greater or lesser slip-resistance is obtained (degree of slippage). From the highest to the least slip-resistance we have: Microstone for being highly textured, Microdeck with a soft texture, and finally Microfino that is not suitable for floors

The different finishes and their textures suitable for floors.
Floors are classified according to their slip resistance values: from the lowest to the greatest resistance there are 3 classes: Class 1, 2 and 3.  
With Topciment Microcements any of the required classes can be achieved. Microdeck sealed with polyurethane corresponds to Class 1 but if we apply just one layer of presealer and 1 layer of topsealer, Class 2 is obtainable. If Microstone containing particles that are thicker than the traditional microcement is used, Class 3 is reached. The texture differences are apparent to the naked eye.
It is important to consider the non-slip surface characteristics and consequent difficulty of cleaning. The greater the resistance to slippage, the more difficult it is to clean the surface due to its texture.
Here you can find the cleaning instructions.

Non-slip finishes and their classification according to slipperiness
In order to limit the risk of slipping, the grounds or floors of buildings with the following uses: Public Residential, Sanitary, Teaching, Commercial, Administrative and Public Assembly, excluding areas of zero occupation defined in annex A of the DB SI, will require the appropriate class, namely Class 3
Floors are classified according to their Rd slip-resistance value. This value is determined by the pendulum test described in Annex A of UNE-ENV 12633: 2003. The Technical Building Code (CTE) and set forth in the DB SUA-1 document (Basic Documents for Security of Use and Accessibility) regulates the indices of slippage and determines the class that a surface must have, according to its use. The floor becomes more non-slip as the Rd value increases.
Floors are classified, according to their resistance value to the sliding Rd, according to that established in the following table:

Resistencia al deslizamiento (Rd)   Clase
Rd ≤ 15   0
15 < Rd ≤35   1
35< Rd ≤45   2
Rd > 45   3



Class required for floors, in accordance with their location and characteristics
The table indicates the class that the floors should have, as a minimum, according to their location.  
This class will be maintained during the useful life of the pavement
Dry interior areas:
Surfaces with a slope of less than 6% -> Class 1
Surfaces with slopes equal to or greater than 6% -> Class 2
Wet interior areas, such as entrances to buildings from outdoors (1), covered terraces, changing rooms, bathrooms, toilets, kitchens, etcetera:
Surfaces with a slope of less than 6% -> Class 2
Surfaces with slopes equal to or greater than 6% -> Class 3
(1) Except in the case of shortcuts to areas of restricted use
Outdoor areas, swimming pools (2), showers -> Class 3
(2) In areas intended for barefoot users, and in the bottom of pools, in those areas where the depth does not exceed 1.50m.

 

What are the differences between microcement and polished cement?

Although the aesthetic finish may appear similar, it is not the same.
With microcement one obtains greater advantages:

  • Faster and easier application.
  • No additional machinery or heavy tools required for its application.
  • Less work. Less time. Lower Cost.
  • Light and thus avoids structural load difficulties.
  • For use in any room, not just on ground floors and basements.
  • No joints involved, so no fissures appear following the drying process.
  • Application possible on both vertical and horizontal surfaces.

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The differences between Microcement and polished cement (fused concrete) for pavements, in terms of components:

It is necessary to differentiate between cement, cement mortar, and concrete. Cement is a component of both mortar and concrete that acts as a binder. The mortar is obtained by mixing sand plus water with the cement, while concrete is a cement mortar to which gravel is added.

Although they are all solutions to create pavements, in the case of Microcement the surface is seamless and continuous, while in the case of polished cement, printed concrete or loose concrete the surface is discontinuous (requiring expansion joints).

CONCRETE
Both polished concrete and printed concrete, such as darbied concrete, consist of a reinforced concrete slab to which a surface treatment is applied to achieve the final finish. They are discontinuous pavement solutions, formed by adjoining slabs requiring expansion joints to avoid cracking.

Smoothed Concrete: In the case of smoothed concrete, mechanical smoothing is performed with either trowels, a darby or a “helicopter tool”.
 

hormigón fratasado

Imprinted concrete: Imprinted concrete offers a patterned look made by stamping a designated area with moulds during the setting process (the concrete hardening process).

hormigón impreso

Polished concrete: On the other hand, polished concrete consists of applying a superficial treatment to achieve the final finish, but over a fully-cured concrete. It consists of a mechanical process of razing/levelling and polishing by means of which the surface is sanded down with a diamond-headed polisher, leaving visible the section of the aggregates that compose the concrete, the final appearance being like that of terrazzo.


hormigón pulido y devastado

MICROCEMENT

Microcement is a mortar whose granulometry of aggregates is relatively fine, it may be applied to both walls and floors, it has an approximate thickness of between 2 and 3 mm, requires no joints and does not crack. It adheres very well to any material and is applied by a steel or rubber trowel.

MORTAR

Smoothed-down or darbied mortar would be smoothed using trowels to the right thickness; this is done manually to the plaster (a mortar layer about 2 cm thick used to coat a wall).


microcemento revestimiento de bajo espesor

In this table, we summarise the characteristics, and compare the differences, in addition to indicating the possible applications:

  Characteristics Surfaces Thickness Joints Weight (kilonewton) Ideal for:
Microcement Continuous covering applied with a trowel Ceilings Walls and Doors 2 to 3 mm No joints required 0,01 Kn/m2 Covering tiles. Coating furniture. Renovation without debris
Polished or Imprint Concrete Surface treatment of concrete slab in a plastic state Floors 5 -10 cm Maximum every 25m2 (e=10 cm) 2,50 Kn/m2 Ideal for parquet and public passage. With rustic stone-like finish.
Trowelled concrete or smoothed cement Surface treatment of concrete slab during the drying process. Floors 5 -10 cm Maximum every 25m2  (e=10 cm) 2,50 Kn/m2 Smooth finish, ideal for car-parks and large surfaces
Polished concrete or Polished cement Surface treatment of already hardened concrete slab Floors 5 -10 cm Maximum every 25m2 (e=10 cm) 2,50 Kn/m2 Similar appearance to Terrazzo. Smooth finish, ideal for floors of large areas
Darby mortar for smoothing Manual smoothing of coating over plaster Floors and Walls 2 cm Maximum every 25m2 (e=2 cm) 0,50 Kn/m2  


How long does a renovation take?

An application of Microcement can be carried out over a period of between three to five days. To walk over the surface, one would normally have to wait a week.

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This is a coating that works with a pre-conditioning of the surface, an application of material in different layers, plus a final protection with sealant.

Each layer of material has its own time of application and drying. In addition, one must take special care in the first week (following completion of the work) as it gradually acquires all its hardness and endurance.

Is it necessary to plane the doors?

No, it is not necessary. The microcement application creates an additional 1 to 3 mm of thickness over the surface. Usually the clearance with which the doors are placed is 5 mm from the ground, hence there is sufficient room and the doors require no planing.

How are microcement surfaces best cleaned?

To ensure the long and durable life of our microcements, we recommend the use of water and neutral soaps.

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The care of microcement is similar to that of natural wood parquet. We advise to avoid permanent wetness, or prolonged contact with moisture. Leaving wet carpets and towels on the floor is ill-advised, as are pots that leak. The surfaces should also be kept free of stones or grit which can scratch the coating. Avoid any blows and rubbing with hard objects.

Although microcement offers a high resistance to chemicals, cleaning should be done with neutral soaps, never with aggressive or descaling products. Additionally, avoid products such as chlorine, bleach, ammonia, soaps and detergents in general, as they can damage the protective film.

Initial Care

Microcement reaches the desired values of hardness, chemical resistance and water-proofing one month after its application. The highest risk of malfunction is in the first two weeks. It will be walkable, with great care, two days after the sealing process, and passable generally one week thereafter.

Dragging heavy objects over the surface is not recommended, as damage could occur. To move furniture: it is advisable to lift and support, never to drag. It is necessary to protect flooring, with lids or felts, from the pressure points of furniture (metal feet, sharp surfaces), or objects with abrasive or heavy contact surfaces.

Permanent Care

It is advisable to periodically maintain micro-cement floors with acrylic waxes. The frequency of the waxing will depend on the use and characteristics of the location (transit, surrounding dust, etc.). We recommend the use of a wax polisher to ensure the correct application of the product.

 
         

33 Rosas st. · Manises 46940 · Spain · Phone: +34 963 92 59 89 · info@topciment.com

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